Acne is a condition of the skin that mainly affects people between the ages of 12 and 25, and which manifests itself as a consequence of the increase in androgen secretion. The result? An inflammatory process that affects the hair follicle and the attached sebaceous gland more or less extensively, causing pimples and blackheads to appear.
The most common risk is that of treating acne incorrectly, leading to an overall worsening of the state of the skin. How many of you have resorted to toothpaste, cotton buds and alcohol in the hope of eliminating the unsightly acne symptoms ? Elle.com asked an expert to draw up a list of the most effective remedies and therapies to combat acne , and that’s all you need to know:
Acne, no milk
The interesting thing is that one study found skimmed milk is the one most connected to acne, and some speculate that it also has less estrogen than whole milk. Furthermore, milk contains lactose, which like all sugars stimulates insulin production. If you can’t help but drink it, replace it with vegetable milk like coconut or rice. The same goes for yogurt.
Acne, what to eat
Once it is established that it is better to stay away from dairy products, what nutritional groups should we add to our food routine? “Foods rich in probiotics like oats, chia seeds and sauerkraut, not to mention green leafy vegetables like cabbage, broccoli and cabbage, which help eliminate toxins that cause acne,” explains the expert. “Foods rich in zinc, such as pumpkin, chia and flax seeds are another ally to strengthen immune defenses and fight bacteria that cause blemishes, as well as those rich in vitamin A such as spinach and carrots. Another fundamental aspect to eliminate toxins is to drink a lot of water “. The best treatments, in short, begin from within.
Acne, oral care
For many years the contraceptive pill has been prescribed to counter acne due to its ability to lower the level of testosterone, the male hormone that causes an increase in sebum production. Although this is still an effective method, in most cases the symptom returns once the treatment is stopped. For this a valid alternative is represented by the Accutane, a pill on prescription based on vitamin A that continues to have effect even after its interruption. Antibiotics, on the other hand, are to be kept under control because, the expert explains: “some are resistant to acne P and have no long-term effect, so it is better to intervene with localized treatments”.
Acne, topical treatments
Retinoids, benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid remain the most frequently recommended solutions by dermatologists around the world. “Retinoids stimulate collagen production and exfoliate the top layer of the skin.
Acne, laser treatments
“Pulsed light treatments can often calm acne symptoms,” the expert explains, “but I use them in conjunction with other topical treatments. Pulsed light is fantastic for reducing post inflammation redness. It is this redness that attracts the laser and responds to treatments “. In any case, it is always good to consult a dermatologist to assess which type of light-based treatment is best suited to your case.
Acne, LED therapies
Skincare is also becoming increasingly hi-tech, and LED therapy is very popular among specialists right now. “There is an incredible interest in the anti-inflammatory and rejuvenating properties of LEDs to reduce acne,” the expert comments.